I have come across an instance where converting to UTF8 during the MySQL import process does not always “convert to UTF8” even though the table charset is set to UTF8. The following query will fix a column with data stored latin1 in a utf8 table:
UPDATE TableName SET ColumnName = CONVERT(CAST(CONVERT(ColumnName USING latin1) AS binary) USING utf8);
We can not present that code formatting is unimportant, but must understand why it matters. A good code format is not the one you think looks the prettiest. We do not do not layout code in order to exercise our deep artistic leanings. Good code is clear. It is consistent. The layout is almost invisible. Good presentation does not draw attention or distract; it serves only to reveal the code’s intent. This helps programmers work with the code effectively. It reduces the effort required to maintain the code.